スギモト タケシ   Sugimoto Takeshi
  杉本 剛
   所属   神奈川大学  工学部 情報システム創成学科
    神奈川大学大学院  工学研究科 工学専攻(情報システム創成領域)
   職種   教授
言語種別 英語
発行・発表の年月 2019/02
形態種別 学術雑誌
査読 査読あり
標題 A Note on 'The transit of Mercury observed at St Helena in 1677 (Cl.P/21/3)'
執筆形態 単著
掲載誌名 Trans. Soc. Math. Sci.
掲載区分国内
出版社・発行元 The Society of the Mathematical Sciences
巻・号・頁 20(1),pp.3-7
概要 There is a one-sheet manuscript called 'The transit of Mercury observed at St Helena in 1677 (Cl.P/21/3)' in the archive of the Royal Society. The handwriting analysis strongly shows that the author is John Flamsteed, the first Astronomer Royal. The first 2/3 of the contents is spent on the attempts to synthesize the geocentric observations from the data about the transit of Mercury provided by Edmond Halley and a French astronomer Jean Charles Gallet. Calculations are led to the erroneous results due to the erroneous assumptions. But it is shown that the proper treatments of the observational data pave the way to the acceptable results. The last 1/3 of the contents is calculation of stellar distances. It is shown that the comparison of the angular diameters of Mercury at the Spring and Autumn transits is possible by use of the data provided. The manuscript is the outcome of the unsuccessful efforts about the transit of Mercury in 1677 prepared 'presumably' by John Flamsteed.